3.3.7. Fulfillment of the scriptures, Messiah, Lord

3.3.6. Prophet of Kingdom of God

Jesus often taught about the soon-coming Kingdom of God (or Heaven). Jesus’ ethical teachings were tied to the expectation that a higher standard would be required for inclusion in the new kingdom.

He said, “This is how it is with the kingdom of God; it is as if a man were to scatter seed on the land 27 and would sleep and rise night and day and the seed would sprout and grow, he knows not how. 28 Of its own accord the land yields fruit, first the blade, then the ear, then the full grain in the ear. 29 And when the grain is ripe, he wields the sickle at once, for the harvest has come.”

30 He said, “To what shall we compare the kingdom of God, or what parable can we use for it? 31 It is like a mustard seed that, when it is sown in the ground, is the smallest of all the seeds on the earth. 32 But once it is sown, it springs up and becomes the largest of plants and puts forth large branches, so that the birds of the sky can dwell in its shade.”

Three ideas about Jesus apparently started in his lifetime, but it took a while to figure out all the implications and exactly what they mean. One could say we are still working on them. Various implications will show up in the following sections.

First is the idea that Jesus fulfills the scriptures. Many passages in the Bible were understood as predictions of future events. Jesus was seen as fulfilling those predictions. More importantly, Jesus came to be seen as fulfilling the larger promises of justice, a kingdom of God, and a son of David who would rule as king.

Second, If Jesus fulfills the promise that a son of David would always rule as king, that would make Jesus the Messiah. Of course there was disagreement about what that meant exactly. Those Jews who expected the Messiah expected the Messiah to defeat the Romans, which Jesus did not do. It seems the historical Jesus was not viewed by many as the Messiah during his lifetime. According to Mark, Jesus kept the fact that he was the Messiah a secret.

Mark also suggests that Jesus let the secret out shortly before he was killed. Notice that Mark indicates Jesus claimed both roles, Messiah and Son of Man (quoting Daniel 7):

The third and trickiest title of Jesus is “Lord.” Although it is attested very early http://www.rksloans.com/title-loans-id, the meaning is ambiguous. In English the word “Lord” is mostly used for God, medieval history, and British royalty. In Aramaic and Greek (like Spanish senor) the word can be used for any respected authority, from a crew chief at McDonald’s to God. Consider the following passage. Clearly the lordship of Jesus is significant and the role of Jesus as Lord is essentially identical to what is said of Lord God in the Old Testament.

On the other hand, the word “God” only appears in this passage as a separate being who acts upon Jesus

Eventually Christians will say that there are actually three persons in one God , the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Such that Jesus is God and also God is God, and also God’s spirit is God. God gets along with God and talks to God and raises God from the dead. God sends God’s God to God’s people in God. This is the Trinity . It is not supposed to make sense. It is supposed to blow your mind (the theological term is “mystery”). The New Testament never articulates the teaching of the Trinity. It seems several authors must have had something like it in mind, but it took a while to straighten out the whole thing, for example how Jesus can be God and sit at the right hand of God and be raised by God.

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